More on Zaporozhye nuclear plant attack by Ukraine forces

From RIA.ru

Special operation, August 7: Ukrainian Armed Forces attacked the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant

…On Sunday night, the Ukrainian military fired from the Uragan MLRS at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant in Energodar . Fragments and a rocket engine fell no more than 400 meters from the operating power unit of the station. When approaching the power units, the rocket managed to open up and release fragmentation submunitions. The area of ​​the dry storage of spent nuclear fuel and the post of automated control of the radiation situation turned out to be in the affected area. Striking elements damaged the administrative buildings and the adjacent territory of the storage facility.

Kiev ‘s strikes on the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, in the event of damage to the power unit, threaten the lives of hundreds of thousands of residents of Ukraine, foreign Europe , and  Asia , RIA Novosti was told in the administration of Energodar.The interlocutor of the agency stressed that the wind rose in this region is directed mainly to the north-west, and in the event of a man-made disaster, the cities of Nikopol, Zaporozhye , Krivoy Rog , as well as most of the western regions of Ukraine, will be in the radius of radiation damage first of all.The head of the 

IAEA ,  Rafael Grossi , earlier expressed concern over the shelling of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant. According to him, military actions that put the safety of the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant in jeopardy are “completely unacceptable and must be prevented at any cost.” Grossi stressed that he was ready to lead the mission of IAEA experts on safety, protection and safeguards at nuclear power plants. Since the beginning of the special operation, Ukrainian troops have made attempts to attack the territory of the nuclear power plant several times. As a result of several artillery attacks, a fire broke out on the spot, two power lines were cut off, which are necessary for the operation of power units. At the nuclear power plant, part of the equipment of power unit No. 3 was de-energized, and the generated power of power unit No. 4 was reduced.The leadership of the IAEA is aware of the risks associated with the shelling of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant by Ukrainian troops, but does not take real measures to stop them, said the head of the administration of the Zaporizhzhya region  Yevhen Balitsky .

https://ria.ru/20220807/spetsoperatsiya-1807905136.html

Amnesty International reports on Ukraine violations of warfare and international humanitarian law

From Strategic Stability

Report # 118. Amnesty International: Kiev violates too many laws

August 7, 2022

1. What are they?

On August 4, the international human rights organization Amnesty International published a report on Ukraine’s violation of the laws of warfare and international humanitarian law, in which it said that the Ukrainian military is deploying military equipment and weapons in schools, hospitals and residential areas, turning them into military strongholds. Secretary General of the organization Agnes Callamard emphasized: “We have documented that the Armed Forces of Ukraine put civilians in a risky position and violated the laws of war during actions in crowded places.”

The report also noted the absence of any actions by Kiev to organize the evacuation of civilians from the areas where combat operations are underway. The conclusions set out in the document are based on data obtained during visits by human rights defenders to settlements in the south-east of Ukraine, namely Kharkiv Region and Odessa.

Amnesty International has a lot of weight in the international arena and has proven itself by publishing impartial and reliable reports, the content of which is taken into account even by the governments of European states. For drawing attention to human rights violations and activities aimed at no compliance with international standards, the organization was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, as well as the UN Prize in the field of human rights.

On July 29, Amnesty International leaders sent a letter to the Government of Ukraine listing numerous Ukrainian cities and villages where described violations were documented and provided GPS coordinates of 24 places, including schools and hospitals, where Ukrainian soldiers were stationed. Amnesty International waited for the answer by August 3rd, 2022. But there was no response from Kiev at all. On the contrary, on the day of the publication of the report, almost all Ukrainian officials hastened to make unfounded denials. The voiced statements, filled only with slogans about the inadmissibility of criticizing the “victim” and the need to concentrate efforts on the accusations of the “aggressor”, completely lacked any facts.

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Kuleba on his Facebook page saw in “such behavior” a kind of “false equivalence”. Advisor to the Office of the President of Ukraine Podolyak on Twitter branded Amnesty International disgrace for “participating in the Russian disinformation and propaganda campaign.” The Minister of Defense of Ukraine Alexey Reznikov in an interview with a journalist of the American media organization “Politico” accused the drafters of the report, in his opinion, aimed at undermining his personal authority in the “loss of adequacy”. President of Ukraine Zelensky also found no weighty arguments and regarded the report as an attempt to “shift responsibility from the aggressor to the victim.”

The head of Amnesty International in Ukraine Oksana Pokalchuk, who was forced to leave her post on August 5, said on social networks that the data used was obtained not from the branch she heads, but from international researchers. A Facebook post written to her confirmed that the arguments of the Ukrainian office, “which was not involved in the preparation or writing of the publication text,” were not based on an analysis of the reliability of the data used, but were reduced only to “the inadmissibility of such material.”

In turn, American human rights activist Ajamu Baraka said that Amnesty International had exposed “the lies of President of Ukraine V. Zelensky, who suppressed the obvious facts of war crimes of Ukrainian troops.” In addition, readers of the British edition of the Daily Mail were shocked by the data provided in the report. In the comments they left, they noted that the Ukrainian authorities purposefully lead their people to slaughter and accused V. Zelensky of destroying the country under the guise of allegedly helping citizens of Ukraine. Visitors to the website of the French newspaper Le Figaro also accused the head of Ukraine of a lack of desire to resolve the crisis and noted the validity of the statements of the authors of the report.

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Ukrainian troops shell Zaporozhye nuclear plant, cause fire and power outage

From Strategic Stability

Report # 117. By hitting its NPP Kiev pursues ‘nuclear terrorism’ policy

August 6, 2022

1. Moscow: Ukraine risking another Chernobyl by hitting its NPP

Russia has urged the UN and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to make Ukraine stop the “shelling” of Europe’s largest nuclear power plant (NPP) in Zaporozhye. Moscow accused Ukrainian troops of firing artillery shells at the Zaporozhskaya NPP in the country’s southern Zaporozhye Region on August 4.

The plant was seized by Russian forces in late February, when Moscow launched its Special Military Operation (SMO) in the neighboring country. The facility continues to operate with Ukrainian staff under Russian control.

Igor Vishnevetsky, a senior non-proliferation and arms control official at the Russian Foreign Ministry, warned that the shelling of the plant risks triggering an event similar to the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster caused by Ukrainian operators at the plant. According to the Russian Defense Ministry, “parts of the equipment” at the plant are out of power due to the shelling, and a fire broke out at the facility and was quickly put out. The ministry claimed that “by sheer luck,” the Ukrainian shells did not cause a bigger fire and “a possible nuclear disaster.”

The ministry said that Ukrainian troops also shelled the adjacent city of Energodar, causing power outages and disruptions of water supply.

“We would like to appeal to international organizations, especially to the UN and the IAEA, as well as to the countries that have influence on the Kiev regime, so they would take action in order to make the shelling of the nuclear power plant stop immediately”, Russian diplomat said.

The ministry called on the international community to condemn Ukraine for “the acts of nuclear terrorism.”

In order to prevent the IAEA officials to visit the Zaporozhskaya NPP with inspection President Zelensky ordered to shell this NPP several times.

2. Humanitarian situation

Russian MoD continues to record numerous facts of criminal actions by Kiev regime against civilians, as well as the use of social infrastructure for military purposes by Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU):

a) in Novaya Vodolaga, Kharkov Region, AFU stronghold have equipped in the building of Lyceum No. 3 (Grigoriya Donets Street), with roadblocks and firing points set up on the approaches to the educational institution, while no local residents were evacuated from nearby residential buildings;

b) in Slavyansk, Donetsk People’s Republic, Ukrainian armed formations have equipped firing positions and sniper points in the training buildings and dormitory of a technical college (Tsentralnaya Street), and neo-Nazis are holding residents of nearby houses in the premises, using them as human shields;

c) in Varvarovka, Nikolaev Region, territorial defence units are stationed at the children’s music school (Odessa highway), an ammunition warehouse has been set up and the approaches to the school have been mined, but the population has not been deliberately informed of this.

In addition, in Seversk (Yamskaya Street) and Soledar (Svobody Street), Donetsk People’s Republic, Ukrainian nationalists have equipped firing positions with heavy artillery and MLRS in private households, from which they systematically shell units of the Russian Armed Forces in order to provoke retaliatory fire. The Kiev authorities plan to use these cynical provocations in the near future to accuse Russian servicemen of allegedly indiscriminate strikes against civilians, followed by extensive coverage in the Ukrainian and Western media.

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Ukraine deploying petal mines against Donetsk civilians (VIDEO)

Posted by Global Research

By Eva Bartlett

Ukraine fired missiles containing petal mines in Donetsk. They littered the streets, parks, everywhere — they’re small-sized, neutral in color, they’re easy to miss.

Careful, look down as you walk through the streets of Donetsk

Video at https://www.globalresearch.ca/ukraine-deploying-petal-mines-against-donetsk-civilians/5788957

Eva Bartlett is a Canadian independent journalist. She has spent years on the ground covering conflict zones in the Middle East, especially in Syria and Palestine (where she lived for nearly four years).

Humanitarian policy — the difference between Russia and Ukraine

From Strategic Stability

Report # 115. Humanitarian policy of Russia and Ukraine: striking difference

August 3, 2022

On August 3rd, 2022 Colonel General Alexander Fomin, Deputy Defence Minister, Russian MoD, addressed foreign military attachés accredited in Moscow. His statement was dealt with the humanitarian aspects of the Special Military Operation or SMO.

In particular, he briefed the foreign military diplomats on the efforts being made by the Russian Federation to observe the norms of international humanitarian law with regard to prisoners of war.

“Since the beginning of the special military operation in Ukraine, the Russian Federation has taken comprehensive measures to comply with international humanitarian law.

The relevant instructions to Russian servicemen were given by Russian President Vladimir Putin and Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu.

Alexander Fomin stated that the MoD work is based on the provisions of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, the Manual on International Humanitarian Law for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, approved by order of the Russian Minister of Defence. The manual is a supplement to the statutory instruments and includes the main provisions of international humanitarian law, as well as recommendations for its application in the preparation for and during combat operations.

Painstaking efforts are being made to treat the detained Ukrainians in accordance with international humanitarian law, especially the Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War.

Close contacts have been established with the relevant United Nations agencies and the International Committee of the Red Cross to provide humanitarian assistance to the population living in the territories liberated from the Ukrainian Nazis and also to work with prisoners of war.

On a regular weekly basis, meetings are held with representatives of international organizations, primarily the UNO and the ICRC, to discuss the most pressing humanitarian issues on the Ukrainian direction. More than 40 such meetings have been held since February 2022.

In accordance with Article 122 of the Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, the Russian Ministry of Defence formed a Reference Bureau for Prisoners of War in February this year. The Bureau transmits information on Ukrainian prisoners of war held by the Russian side to the ICRC.

Pursuant to Article 126 of the Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, ICRC visits to places of detention are organised.

All detainees are treated in strict compliance with international humanitarian law: they are provided with decent living conditions, food standards in line with those of the Russian Armed Forces, and all necessary medical care, including complex high-tech operations using modern equipment.

In addition, in accordance with Article 71 of the Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, all detainees are allowed to contact their relatives in Ukraine. Detainees make international phone calls and write letters to their home countries.

More than 1,500 such letters have been forwarded to Ukraine thanks to the ICRC’s assistance.

Together with the UN and the ICRC, operations were successfully conducted in April-May 2022 to evacuate civilians from Azovstal plant and to withdraw AFU troops and “Azov” regiment fighters from this facility.

More than 3,000 people left Azovstal, including more than 2,400 servicemen of the Ukrainian armed forces and fighters from nationalist formations.

The operations were purely humanitarian in nature. Staff of international organisations confirmed the strict observance of international humanitarian law in their conduct.

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